La Buitrera, the Coto de Català and the Coto de Izquierdo are three notable forests close to Llíria town centre. They have low and medium height peaks and ravines. All three forests are rich in botanical species. There is a prevalence of pine groves and an abundance of aromatic plants typical of the Mediterranean climate. We also come across rural architecture such as caves that were inhabited up until recent times and wells.
L’Horta Vella (the old fertile land) of Llíria originated, possibly, during the times of the Roman Edeta; the crops in those days were mainly cereals, olive trees and vines. However, the landscape of the present-day fertile land dates back to the Middle Ages; during the period of the Muslim Lyria, irrigation was introduced with the construction of the main irrigation channel which carried water from the current Saint Vincent’s spring to the fertile land; the agricultural products from the Hispanic-Muslim era were varied, vegetables such as aubergines and artichokes were introduced to the standard crops.
With the creation of the Christian town of Llíria other productive activities were promoted thanks to the construction of hydraulic infrastructure such as water mills which created an area rich in fruit and vegetables; the mill, Molí de la Parra, is a clear example of this. At present, apart from the products mentioned earlier, this agricultural area produces other products such as tomatoes, potatoes, onions, lettuce, corn and pumpkins.